Following is a class given by H.H. Jayapataka Swami Maharaja on September 10th 1979 in Los Angeles, California. The class begins with a reading from the Sri Caitanya Caritamrita, Adi Lila, Chapter 7, Text 1 to 15.
CC Ādi 7.1
śrī-caitanyaṁ likhyate ’sya
Let me first offer my respectful obeisances unto Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu, who is the ultimate goal of life for one bereft of all possessions in this material world and is the only meaning for one advancing in spiritual life. Thus let me write about His magnanimous contribution of devotional service in love of God.
CC Ādi 7.2
jaya jaya mahāprabhu śrī-kṛṣṇa-caitanya
tāṅhāra caraṇāśrita, sei baḍa dhanya
Let me offer glorification to the Supreme Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu. One who has taken shelter of His lotus feet is the most glorified person.
CC Ādi 7.3
pūrve gurv-ādi chaya tattve kaila namaskāra
guru-tattva kahiyāchi, ebe pāṅcera vicāra
In the beginning I have discussed the truth about the spiritual master. Now I shall try to explain the Pañca-tattva.
CC Ādi 7.4
pañca-tattva avatīrṇa caitanyera saṅge
pañca-tattva lañā karena saṅkīrtana raṅge
These five tattvas incarnate with Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu, and thus the Lord executes His saṅkīrtana movement with great pleasure.
CC Ādi 7.5
pañca-tattva — eka-vastu, nāhi kichu bheda
rasa āsvādite tabu vividha vibheda
Spiritually there are no differences between these five tattvas, for on the transcendental platform everything is absolute. Yet there are also varieties in the spiritual world, and in order to taste these spiritual varieties one should distinguish between them.
CC Ādi 7.6
Let me offer my obeisances unto Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa, who has manifested Himself in five as a devotee, expansion of a devotee, incarnation of a devotee, pure devotee and devotional energy.
CC Ādi 7.7
svayaṁ bhagavān kṛṣṇa ekale īśvara
advitīya, nandātmaja, rasika-śekhara
Kṛṣṇa, the reservoir of all pleasure, is the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself, the supreme controller. No one is greater than or equal to Śrī Kṛṣṇa, yet He appears as the son of Mahārāja Nanda.
CC Ādi 7.8
āra yata saba dekha, — tāṅra parikara
Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, is the supreme enjoyer in the rāsa dance. He is the leader of the damsels of Vraja, and all others are simply His associates.
CC Ādi 7.9
sei kṛṣṇa avatīrṇa śrī-kṛṣṇa-caitanya
sei parikara-gaṇa saṅge saba dhanya
Translation: The selfsame Lord Kṛṣṇa advented Himself as Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu with all His eternal associates, who are also equally glorious.
CC Ādi 7.10
ekale īśvara-tattva caitanya-īśvara
bhakta-bhāvamaya tāṅra śuddha kalevara
Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu, who is the supreme controller, the one Personality of Godhead, has ecstatically become a devotee, yet His body is transcendental and not materially tinged.
CC Ādi 7.11
kṛṣṇa-mādhuryera eka adbhuta svabhāva
āpanā āsvādite kṛṣṇa kare bhakta-bhāva
The transcendental mellow of conjugal love of Kṛṣṇa is so wonderful that Kṛṣṇa Himself accepts the form of a devotee to relish and taste it fully.
CC Ādi 7.12
ithe bhakta-bhāva dhare caitanya gosāñi
‘bhakta-svarūpa’ tāṅra nityānanda-bhāi
For this reason Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu, the supreme teacher, accepts the form of a devotee and accepts Lord Nityānanda as His elder brother.
CC Ādi 7.13
‘bhakta-avatāra’ tāṅra ācārya-gosāñi
ei tina tattva sabe prabhu kari’ gāi
Śrī Advaita Ācārya is Lord Caitanya’s incarnation as a devotee. Therefore these three tattvas [Caitanya Mahāprabhu, Nityānanda Prabhu and Advaita Gosāñi] are the predominators, or masters.
CC Ādi 7.14
eka mahāprabhu, āra prabhu duijana
dui prabhu seve mahāprabhura caraṇa
One of Them is Mahāprabhu, and the other two are prabhus. These two prabhus serve the lotus feet of Mahāprabhu.
CC Ādi 7.15
ei tina tattva, — ‘sarvārādhya’ kari māni
caturtha ye bhakta-tattva, — ‘ārādhaka’ jāni
The three predominators [Caitanya Mahāprabhu, Nityānanda Prabhu and Advaita Prabhu] are worshipable by all living entities, and the fourth principle [Śrī Gadādhara Prabhu] is to be understood as Their worshiper.
CC Ādi 7.16
śrīvāsādi yata koṭi koṭi bhakta-gaṇa
‘śuddha-bhakta’-tattva-madhye tāṅ-sabāra gaṇana
There are innumerable pure devotees of the Lord, headed by Śrīvāsa Ṭhākura, who are known as unalloyed devotees.
CC Ādi 7.17
gadādhara-paṇḍitādi prabhura ‘śakti’-avatāra
‘antaraṅga-bhakta’ kari’ gaṇana yāṅhāra
The devotees headed by Gadādhara Paṇḍita are to be considered incarnations of the internal potency of the Lord. They are confidential devotees engaged in the service of the Lord.
H.H. Rameswar Swami Maharaja: So Acaryapad, do you want to speak or do you want to just take questions?
H.H. Jayapataka Swami Maharaja: I would like to hear the nectar from your lotus lips Srila Rameswar Swami.
H.H. Rameswar Swami Maharaja: Actually the reason we chose this chapter to begin tonight is because you are the acarya of Sri Mayapur Dham and this chapter describes the Lord of Sri Mayapur Dham. So we would request to hear from you on this subject. Personally I can only comment a little. I can explain only that this is a very difficult subject matter to understand. People have a hard time even distinguishing between the spirit within their body and their material body. Most people cannot distinguish at all and instead simply take themselves to be this material body. So people cannot even understand such a simple thing: the difference between the soul and the body. Then it is of course very difficult to expect them to understand God. Because God, the Supreme Lord, everything about Him is infinite and unlimited. Therefore how he exists, the different forms that He manifests Himself in, the different transcendental feelings or emotions that He experiences, His different transcendental desires, all of these things, they are unlimited and infinite in variety. The subject matter or the science of God, is not simple. It is not something that can be limited as some sectarian people think, to one book. This science of God is not something that can be understood with our material mind and it is not something that can be understood through our material senses. It is beyond the mind and beyond the senses. But it is not beyond the soul to understand. Therefore one must distinguish between the soul and the mind and senses of this body. Once that distinction is made, then one can begin to actually understand the science of God. That is the platform on which one can begin to understand this transcendental science. Until we come to that platform then of course we can’t approach God. Now when we come to that platform of completely distinguishing between the soul and the mind and senses of this material body and we stop identifying with the mind and the senses of this body and absorb ourselves in the eternal identity that we are eternally spirit souls, we have nothing to do with this material body, we should not act under the dictation of this body, we should not act under the dictation of the mind and senses and we should act only as spirit souls. Once we are situated in that way, then the subject matter of God, which is infinite and unlimited, everything about Krsna is full of infinite variety, His form, His characteristics, His qualities, His activities, His abilities, His energies, His desires, His pleasures, these are all infinite in their variety and they are all unlimited. These things can be understood through the spiritual senses and the spiritual mind. Not through the material senses and material mind. They can be understood. But the subject matter is very difficult for ordinary people. There is no doubt about that.
Therefore this incarnation of Krishna as Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu has appeared. Because the subject matter is so difficult, the qualification is so great you have to make such advancement that you have to distinguish between the soul and the body and you have to stop acting that the body has any meaning and the mind has any meaning. And that is so rare and it is so difficult. Therefore this incarnation of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu has appeared because it is so difficult to understand, because it is so difficult to even be qualified to begin to understand. Therefore Krsna came as Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu to bestow the transcendental realization. But Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu as we will later read tomorrow night in the next section, will give the enlightenment and He bestows the qualification for understanding God without any charge, without any preliminary assets or qualities. Caitanya Mahaprabhu simply awards. That is the principal characteristic.
This incarnation of God is unique among all the different manifestations of God. He gives what no other manifestation of God ever gives. He gives perfect knowledge of this transcendental science freely to those who are unqualified to have such priceless knowledge of enlightenment. For those who are unqualified to take this highest pleasure which is far beyond the pleasures known to the beings of this material world. The pleasures of the transcendental world of Krishna are infinite and the pleasures of this mundane world are limited no matter how much we enjoy something in this material world, it is limited in terms of time, in terms of space and in terms of quantity. No matter what it is and no matter how much you enjoy it, it is limited. But the pleasures of the transcendental world is infinite, is unlimited. That is the difference between spirit and matter. Spirit has no limit, spirit has nothing to restrict it. So the people of this world are not qualified to know this science very well and they are not qualified to experience this enlightenment and they are not qualified to take this transcendental pleasure of this spiritual world.
Yet despite this, Caitanya Mahaprabhu is enabling them to have this enlightenment and to experience the very same bliss that the pure souls who reside eternally in the abode of God experience at every moment. Caitanya Mahaprabhu enables. People have no qualification to have that bliss and to have that enlightenment. So I cannot understand very well the scriptures myself. But I have that faith that I just know this much that because Caitanya Mahaprabhu is so merciful beyond any mercy that God has ever previously shown to any living being, the mercy of Caitanya Mahaprabhu surpasses anything that God has ever done before. So I know that much. And therefore I have faith that if I can somehow or other do something that pleases Caitanya Mahaprabhu then there is a chance, because He is so merciful, that He can give me this gift of Krsna consciousness. Without any other qualification, just I do something that pleases Him, I try to do some service for Him. That’s all I know. I can’t explain anything very complicated in this matter, in this science of God. But I have firm faith that Caitanya Mahaprabhu is Krsna in His merciful aspect and to do something that pleases Him is the greatest thing in life. It will surpass any achievement, it will surpass attaining any type of position in the material world, it will surpass any time of experience that this material world can offer. So somehow or other I have this faith, by the mercy of my spiritual master, His Divine Grace Srila Prabhupada. And by this faith I am trying to push myself into a position where Caitanya’s mercy will fall on me.
So this is the easy way to become enlightened in this science of God. To take some other path of yoga is very difficult and it is doubtful whether one will be perfected in this Kali yuga. People are more interested in satisfying their senses and enjoying the flickering pleasures of the material world, in cinema, music and sex. People are more interested in this than taking the bliss of the spiritual world. That is their unfortunate foolishness that they think that this pleasure of the material world is a very good thing and you don’t need anything else except this pleasure. Of course they forget the obvious point that pleasure of this material world will fade away very quickly and they are left with nothing. In old age their sex power is gone and their eyesight fades and their belly shrivels and their bones are full of pain. People who depend on the body for pleasure will be very much disappointed in old age and then their death because they have failed to get the mercy of Caitanya Mahaprabhu. And then another body awaits them. That is unfortunate. Anyway that is the condition of most people. They are not even interested in experiencing the bliss of the spiritual world. They are content in taking this cheap pleasure of when they could have eternal unlimited pleasure over temporary pleasure. That is foolishness. If you have the choice: you choose the left hand and there is a million dollars and if you choose the right hand there is a one dollar. They are choosing the right hand, they are choosing the one dollar instead of the million dollars. Such a crude analogy does not adequately explain what they are missing out on by not trying to become God conscious.
Anyway the different paths for becoming God conscious are very difficult. And I myself have any qualification to practice them and neither do most souls who live in this Kali yuga. So the easy way, the cheap way, the simple way to become God conscious and experience this bliss and enlightenment is simply to let the mercy of Caitanya Mahaprabhu fall on our head. That is the easy way. So that is our faith. He is pouring the mercy, we just must put ourselves in the right place so it falls on us. It is as simple as that. And that bliss will be there, that knowledge will be there despite the fact that we have no good qualities, we have all bad qualities, we may have all material desires, we may have so many defects and deficiencies. But if we just put ourselves in the right position and we let Caitanya’s mercy fall on us then despite all disqualifications we become God conscious enlightened souls. That much I know. And the rest we have to hear from Srila Jayapataka Swami Srila Acaryapad about Caitanya Mahaprabhu and speak on Mayapur.
H.H. Jayapataka Swami Maharaja: What would you like to hear? (Devotees laugh) Not possible to know all of it. There is no limit.
H.H. Rameswar Swami Maharaja: Because I am a fool, I don’t even know what questions to be put at this point, but because you have lived in the Holy Dham for so many years, may I ask you to just tell us a few things about Sri Caitanya and His Holy Dham. That will make us more attached to putting ourselves in this position that His mercy will fall on us.
H.H. Jayapataka Swami Maharaja: Tonight we are beginning the study on when God descends as His own devotee to show by example how to serve Himself. Just like a school teacher will sometimes take the pencil and show the children, “You write in this way.” So the Supreme Person could see that the people are so fallen that no amount of good instruction alone will help to the effect. It is essential to also show them by example what is the way of developing pure love of God, pure Krsna-prema. So here for the first time in this reading we are seeing the Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Lord Nityananda Prabhu together. Actually Lord Caitanya was born in Mayapur where I live for some time. And Lord Nityananda was born at Ekachakra in Radhadesh, a part of the area of Gaudadesh, where the Ganges doesn’t flow. So there, I think even today is a five hour drive. What happened is in the childhood, They were not together. Their brotherhood is of a deeper nature. They are brothers from a long time.
So when Lord Caitanya appeared of course, we know that the whole world rejoiced and was chanting Hare Krsna, Hari Bol! That time was the full moon eclipse. In India it was customary in full moon eclipses to the devotees would all go to the sacred river Ganges and bathe and they would yell Hari Bol! Hari Bol! Hari Bol! In this way the Lord’s advent was rejoiced.